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          中國及美國工作場所安全數據

          國家統計局2024年最新發布《中華人民共和國2023年國民經濟和社會發展統計公報》顯示:

          1、全年國內各類生產安全事故共死亡21242人,比上年下降4.7%。

          2、工礦商貿企業就業人員10萬人生產安全事故死亡人數1.244人,比上年上升4.2%。

          3、煤礦百萬噸死亡人數0.094人,上升23.7%。

          4、道路交通事故萬車死亡人數1.38人,下降5.5%。


          美國勞工部職業安全與健康管理局(OSHA)最近公布了從37.5萬個組織收集的2023年傷害和疾病數據,包括高危行業的組織。初步分析發現,在向OSHA報告的工傷和疾病病例中:

          90%是工傷。

          5%是皮膚病、中毒或其他疾病。

          4%是呼吸道疾病。

          1%是聽力損失。


          根據OSHA此前發布的新聞,美國每天約有15人死于工傷。2022年,有5486名工人受到致命傷害,比2021年增加了 296 名工人死亡。


          The U.S. Department of Labor’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has released 2023 injury and illness data collected from more than 375,000 organizations, including those in high-hazard industries.

          Preliminary analysis found that among occupational injury and illness cases reported to OSHA:

          • 90 percent were injuries.

          • 5 percent were skin conditions, poisonings or other illnesses.

          • 4 percent were respiratory diseases.

          • 1 percent were hearing loss.

          A higher proportion of cases were coded as injuries in the wholesale trade (97 percent), construction (96 percent) and transportation/warehousing industries (95 percent) than in other sectors, according to Kimberly M. Darby, OSHA spokesperson.

          Respiratory diseases were more common in the health care and social assistance sector (12 percent) than in other industries. Hearing loss was more common in manufacturing (4 percent) and retail trade (3 percent) than in other industry sectors.

          The data was gathered under OSHA’s new Improve Tracking of Workplace Injuries and Illnesses regulation published in July 2023. The intent, it said, is to help identify unsafe conditions and workplace hazards that may cause occupational injuries and illnesses and improve research on the occurrence, prevention and control of workplace hazards, injuries and illness types.

          Work-related injuries in the U.S. claim the lives of about 15 people daily, according to an OSHA news release. In 2022, 5,486 workers had fatal injuries, an increase of 296 worker deaths from 2021, the agency noted.

          The data was released ahead of Workers Memorial Day on April 28, which honors “people who didn’t come home at the end of their [work] shift,” the agency noted on its website.

          It is planning multiple events April 22-25, including sessions on the OSHA inspection process, mental health after a safety incident, a general overview of workers’ compensation, and teens’ knowledge of safety in the workplace.

          以上來源:OSHA


          翻譯如下:


          OSHA 發言人金伯利·m·達比(Kimberly M. Darby)表示,與其他行業相比,批發貿易(97%)、建筑(96%)和運輸/倉儲行業(95%)的工傷比例更高。


          呼吸系統疾病在醫療保健和社會救助行業(12%)比其他行業更常見。聽力損失在制造業(4%)和零售業(3%)比其他行業更常見。


          這些數據是根據 OSHA 于 2023年7月發布的《改善工作場所傷害和疾病追蹤條例》收集的。其目的是幫助識別可能導致職業傷害和疾病的不安全條件和工作場所危害,并改進對工作場所危害、傷害和疾病類型的發生、預防和控制的研究。


          根據OSHA此前發布的新聞,美國每天約有15人死于工傷。該機構指出,2022年,有5486名工人受到致命傷害,比2021年增加了 296 名工人死亡。


          該機構在其網站上指出,該數據是在4月28日世界安全生產與健康日之前發布的,該紀念日是為了紀念“輪班結束時沒有回家的人”。


          它計劃在4月22日至25日舉辦多場活動,包括OSHA檢查過程、安全事故后的心理健康、工人賠償的總體概述以及青少年工作場所安全知識。


          根據以上公開信息和數據,經計算:美國萬人工傷事故死亡率約0.16569、中國萬人工傷事故死亡率約0.15065。兩國工傷亡人事故控制率基本持平!